Interesting to read about the different technologies for CO2 capture-- and more are to be developed.
See also Zeng
Here are some very recent (and naturally coloured) views
of the current Norwegian government, with facts-- a presentation by the State Secretary (Minister's right hand) in the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy.
And here is what I know:
The problem in Norway is that the previous Government granted a concession to build KÃ¥rstÃ¸ gas-fired power plant without CO2 handling (CCS: CO2 Capture and Storage). It will be ready this coming autumn, so the current red-green coalition obviously needed to and has decided to sponsor CO2 handling there.
The question is when can the technology be in place?
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and American Fluor have technology that is operative (based on not exactly harmless amines), but would need to scale up considerably from 3 per thousand and 10% to handle the exhaust from KÃ¥rstÃ¸.
They can be ready by 2011/2012. (The Government had assumed and hoped for CO2 handling of whatever kind by 2009.)
Hardly in keeping with its promises, the current government has granted a concession to build Mongstad, a combined heat and power plant, with the permission to start operations without CO2 capture (in 2010)-- with CO2 handling possibly at best from 2014.
Add to this that Aker Kvaerner, a major Norwegian corporation, are developing new technology
(see p. 12 in the link), possibly better -- however, they naturally lag behind the old, but practicable technology of the foreign competition, by a year at best.
AkerKvaerner can build a test facility to handle 10 % of the CO2 exhaust at KÃ¥rstÃ¸ by 2009. And a full-scale plant (with better technology than the ocmpetition) by 2013.
Meanwhile, we add to global warming (and have to buy our climate quotas elsewhere)to produce the energy Norwegian industry craves, as does the rest of the world.
(Largely based on a three-page spread today in Klassekampen
-- the paper edition.)